A document has a margin-release header (somewhat like a hanging indent) that is approaching a page-boundary. The text below the header crossed the page-break and the header is now orphaned.
Ideally, the heading and at least a sentence or two of its text should stay grouped together on one side of the page-break or the other. Standard "Widows and Orphans" won't work in this example because the header is technically a separate paragraph.
The improper way to fix this problem is to ram a manual hard-page-break [Ctrl-Enter] above the header, forcing the header and its text to the next page. This solves the immediate problem but becomes a maintenance headache. If you use a hard-page-break, it may end up in the middle of a page as other text is inserted or deleted; sooner or later, you will be forced to clean up the mess.
- Manually typing Hard-Page-Breaks [Ctrl-Enter] in any flowing text should be avoided. Manual page-breaks require too much maintenance over the life of the document.
- Widow and Orphan controls do not apply here because technically, the "header" is a separate paragraph.
"Block-protect" the header and (part of) the next paragraph, locking them together as one object. As the blocked text reaches a page-boundary, it leaps to the next page as one group. If text above is deleted, and enough space becomes available, the entire block automatically moves to the previous page.
- Highlight the header and at least two sentences into the paragraph. Often, it is easier to highlight the entire next paragraph.
- Select menu: Format, "Keep Text Together"
- Select [x] Block Protect
The text-header and next paragraph cross the page-boundary as one entity.
Reveal codes will look like this:
Click image for larger view, click "right-x" to return
- With a hanging Header, as illustrated above, start highlighting to the Left of the the codes. In other words, highlight left of the HdBack Tab and Bold.
- Block protect *all* headers and their next paragraphs, even if they are not at risk of crossing a page boundary. This saves you the trouble of chasing them as the document's length changes.
- If the next paragraphs are "long", block-protect only the first few sentences -- but in general, I tend to block the entire paragraph.
- Use this same technique to block-protect items in a list.
- Block protect the entire list (if short), or at least the first several items (if long)
- Block protect the list, even if it is not at risk of a page-break.
- Often, as I'm writing long papers, I don't bother protecting the text until near the end -- ignoring all page-breaks, letting the text fall where it may. Then, starting at the top, I go through the document, protecting all headings and lists. The paper will be perfect and it will survive all future edits.
Block protecting text is a common occurrence in long papers. Because it is used so frequently, I recommend writing a simple WP macro and assigning it to the never-used F1-Help. With this, you can quickly protect text without wading through the menus.
The "block-protect" macro is short and can be recorded, or you can use this two-line macro:
Application (WordPerfect; "WordPerfect"; Default!; "EN")
BlockProtect (State: On!)
WordPerfect Page Numbering for School Papers
WordPerfect - Hanging Indents / Paragraph Headers
WordPerfect X5 - A Quick Review